Embroidery is not difficult to learn, preferences and interests are a good start, the key is patience and carefulness. Hobbies are a good start, a little more patience will be half successful, the rest is to read books and materials, calm down and embroider one stitch at a time. After all, no one is born embroidered, it is a process that never arrives.
Learning embroidery is not to support the family, but more to stop the hurried footsteps, forget the temptation of lust, pick up the needle and thread that has been lost for a long time, and taste the ancient romance, the almost stagnant time? Try to taste a little indisputable peace of mind, let the flying heart take a quiet rest, and return women with their true colors, with delicateness, and with tenderness! Enjoy that ethereal time, that long-lost calmness, calmness…
Many friends who like embroidery want to learn embroidery, but don’t know how to start? What materials and tools should I prepare to learn embroidery? In response to these problems, here I give beginners an introduction to manual embroidery tools and embroidery materials
Embroidery tools and embroidery materials
With today’s fast-paced mechanization and the pursuit of high efficiency society, the handicraft of traditional Chinese embroidery has gradually disappeared from us. So how are these exquisite embroidery products left to us by the ancestors embroidered stitch by stitch? Let’s talk about dry goods today.
(1) Production tools: embroidery, needles, scissors
The flower bandages are divided into square and round shapes. There are three types of materials: wood, bamboo and plastic. Generally, there are two kinds of round flower bandages: bamboo and plastic, divided into large, medium and small. Large size diameter 30 cm, medium diameter 20 cm, small size diameter 12 cm. Now the round embroidery bandage on the market should first pay attention to the selection of flower bandages according to the size of the pattern, if the pattern is too large, it should be divided into several parts to do.
Generally, the pattern area accounts for more than 1/2 of the area of the flower bandage, and the bandage should be tightened and flattened, so that the embroidered flower can be flat and not out of shape. When putting the flower bandages on the figure, you should pay attention to the following steps:
The first step is to loosen the outer ring screws, lay the inner band flat, spread the cloth flat on the inner ring bandage, and then overlap the outer ring bandage on the inner ring bandage.
In the second step, smooth the pleats of the cloth and tighten the screws
The third step, then the step flattened can not have a little pleat, and pay attention to the warp and weft of the cloth are vertical and horizontal, the cloth can not be oblique, and finally tighten the screw
Step 4, then check that the flower bandages are tight enough. The inspection method is to pass a needle with thread through the cloth, and the cloth makes a noise when the thread is pulled, so that it is appropriate.
The requirements for upper embroidery bandages and round embroidery bandages are the same, and the embroidery of upper embroidery bandages is generally larger than the embroidery. Therefore, the tightness of the thread can be adjusted to ensure that the warp and weft lines of the cloth are vertical and horizontal, and the cloth grain cannot be oblique. Pay special attention to the place where the thread is drawn, consider the firmness of the cloth, to prevent the thread from falling off and damaging the integrity of the cloth.
When embroidering small embroidery pieces, use hand bandages. Hand bandages are mostly made of bamboo rings, using bamboo texture toughness and elasticity. It is two bamboo snare sleeves inside and outside, and there are adjusting screws in the outer ring. Tighten the fabric between two bamboo rings so that the upper and lower needles can be inserted to embroider the pattern. Family “female reds” use this embroidery and are easy to carry.
Roll bandage is suitable for embroidery products with a large embroidery area, mostly used in embroidery workshops and professional commodity production. The roll is shaped like a long table stand and is used to flatten the bandages of larger embroidery sheets. The embroidered fabric is taut in the middle, drive
, the needle embroidered the pattern. In order to facilitate embroiderers to embroider embroidery in different occasions and places, there are also different specifications of embroidery racks, which are very convenient to use and assemble, and the size of the embroidery shed can also be adjusted according to the embroidery pattern.
B. Embroidery needle: made of steel, classified according to different embroidery varieties.
As with threads, the choice of needle cannot be ignored. When choosing an embroidery needle, pay special attention to the two ends of the needle, namely the “needle nose” and the “needle tip”. The needle nose should be oval in shape, so that the needle nose does not bite the thread. If the needle nose is rectangular or pointed and round, it is easy to bite the thread, that is, it is easy to cut the thread. The thinner and longer the tip of the needle, the better.
The needle tip of the nano-embroidery should be short and blunt, and the needle nose should be wide. Because the yarn should be padded or coarse twisted yarn, yarn. The needle nose is small, and threading is very laborious.
Arranged by number type, the small needle is as thin as a hair, the needle nose is blunt, the needle hole is long, and the needle is sharp. Ordinary use of No. 12, No. 9, etc. According to the texture requirements of embroidery, the needle number will be selected.
It is used when embroidering embroidered beads and beads on embroidery sheets, which is characterized by a long needle body, thin and long needle nostrils, and the diameter of the needle body is smaller than the diameter of the beads and bead holes, so that it is convenient to shuttle between the bead holes.
Cross stitch or nanostitch needle: This embroidery method is embroidered on the texture of the fabric in the warp and weft direction, because the warp and weft texture can be clearly distinguished. The embroidery needle is long and large, and the tip of the needle is blunt, which is convenient for interspersing between the gaps of the warp and weft patterns.
This needle is thicker, mostly embroidered with thick thread, and the fabric texture is also rougher, also known as rope embroidery.
This is a kind of professional scissors, small in size, the head is upturned upwards, it is convenient to cut the thread head flat on the embroidery surface, and does not hurt other parts of the embroidery surface. Scissors for embroidery are also classified. For example, the scissors of the thread cutting head, the tip of the scissors should be upturned, so that the scissors avoid cutting the tip of the needle and picking it onto the embroidery. The scissors used for carving and drawing silk, the cutting tip should be fine and sharp, it is best to use scissors with a good steel mouth, because such scissors can be used repeatedly, and the sharper the sharper. This is a simple wire cutting scissors, the steel mouth is sharp and easy to use.
(2) Embroidery materials: fabrics, embroidery threads, and other decorative objects
Generally, silk, silk, aya, luo, linen, nylon, pure cotton, etc. are used as embroidery substrates. Due to the wide variety of textile fabrics, embroidery will be based on the embroidery variety. For example, nayarn embroidery and cross stitch, it is necessary to choose fabrics with clear warp and weft patterns; Double-sided embroidery chooses transparent fabrics with consistent front and back textures.
Types of cloth
Different substrates have their own requirements for thread, needlework and pattern. The embroidery embroidered in this way is beautiful and beautiful
First of all, from the type of cloth, there are roughly three categories: plant fiber cloth; animal fiber cloth; Chemical fiber cloth.
(1) Plant fiber cloth
Plant fiber cloth is what we usually call all kinds of pure cotton, hemp and cotton and linen interwoven fabrics
Generally, the relatively soft and light cotton cloth is suitable for making all kinds of small face towels, handkerchiefs, bread towels, small napkins, etc. The thicker, structured cotton cloth is suitable for making large table cloths, bedspreads, refrigerator cloths, pillow bags, etc
(2) Animal fiber cloth
Animal fiber cloth includes silk, soft satin, georgette, cashmere, flannel, pure wool, etc. Generally, silk soft satin is mostly used to make high-end pajamas, wedding tents and other bedding, embroidered with pure silk thread.
Due to its low melting point, chemical fiber cloth is not as resistant to high temperature as cotton and linen wool materials, so chemical fiber cloth is best embroidered without cotton thread and silk thread. Chemical fiber cloth is more suitable for machine embroidery or ribbon embroidery, bead embroidery, sequin embroidery, etc.
B. Embroidery thread:
Embroidery thread is like paint in a painting, the more color levels, the more real, vivid and rich the color of the picture. The dyeing of the embroidery thread is key. Su embroidery can dye up to more than 100 kinds of embroidery threads, and each color level can reach more than 30 kinds. The types of embroidery threads include silk thread, rayon thread, nylon thread, gold and silver thread, hair, horsehair and so on. The silk thread is made of silkworm cocoons, and a strand of silk thread can be split into multiple strands of filament, such as when embroidered bird feathers, the thread is as thin as a hair; At the same time, it can also be combined with multiple strands of silk thread into a thick thread, such as embroidered mountains, stone embroidery, etc., according to the needs of the pattern, and determine the thickness of the thread.
The types of embroidery thread are also the same as the types of cloth, including cotton fine embroidery thread, pure cotton coarse embroidery thread, padding thread, twine, silk thread, machine embroidery thread, wool thread, gold and silver thread, chemical fiber thread, etc. Among them, pure cotton embroidery thread is the mainstream embroidery thread, and it is also the most widely used.
(1) Cotton fine embroidery thread
Pure cotton fine embroidery thread is made of a single yarn strand, about 40 color systems, and each color system from light to dark about 6~9 color levels. It can be used together, and the cotton fine thread should be embroidered with padded strands when embroidering on a rougher base fabric, otherwise the embroidered pattern is easy to foam and expose the bottom cloth, uneven.
(2) Pure cotton coarse embroidery thread
Pure cotton rough embroidery thread is twisted by 3 yarn strands, the color system is less, and the color scale of each color system is 3~5, generally not used together, at most two strands. Suitable for embroidery on hemp and velvet fabrics.
(3) Strand line
Most of the stranded threads are imported embroidery threads, which are synthesized by 6 strands. The thread itself is shiny, the color is also elegant, each color system contains gray components, such as gray-green, gray-pink, gray-blue and so on. The joint stock import line is most suitable for making yarn painting, velvet embroidery painting, etc.
(4) Machine embroidery thread
Machine embroidery thread, as the name suggests, is a thread used on a sewing machine, the texture is extremely tough, very strong, not easy to break the strands, and the effect on the sewing machine is very good. This thread is not suitable for hand embroidery, because it contains talcum powder and pulp components, manual embroidery is easy to tie dead knots, the affinity of embroidery thread and cloth is poor, and the embroidery thread is not easy to flatten during embroidery.
(5) Silk thread
Silk thread is a kind of embroidery thread unique to the south of China, just like our ink paintings, only in China. Silk thread is suitable for embroidery on soft base cloths such as soft satin and silk, and double-sided embroidery on glass silk yarn. Embroidered animals with silk thread, its characteristic luster expresses the animal’s fur with excellent results.
Wool is generally suitable for nano-yarn embroidery, and there are fine wool threads, medium thick threads, thick twisted threads, and stranded threads. Note that embroidery on thick cloth should use coarse twisted or stranded thread.
(7) Gold and silver threads
Gold and silver thread is generally suitable for pan gold embroidery and diamond embroidery. Due to the brittle texture of gold and silver thread, it is not suitable for embroidery with more complex stitches.
A ribbon is a very fine colored ribbon woven by machine. It is suitable for use on thicker and thicker backing cloths, and can also be mixed and used with coarse embroidery thread, and the results are very good. If you add beaded embroidery and sequin embroidery, the picture effect will be more colorful.
C. Other decorations of embroidery:
Embroidered with a variety of embroidered beads, pearls, agate, coral, wood beads, glass, etc., according to the pattern requirements, embroidered with matching beads. For example, on the emperor’s dragon robe, on the body of the nine dragons, small pearls are embroidered to show the dignity and majesty of the imperial power.
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