It is better to eat without meat, and do not live without bamboo.
There is no meatless, no bamboo is vulgar.
People are thin and fat.
——The Northern Song Dynasty Su Shi “Yu Qian Monk Lvyuan Xuan”
According to the Biography of Jin Shu Wang Hui, Wang Huizhi’s fifth son Wang Hui is elegant and happy. Once he lived in an empty house, he immediately made people farming. Some people asked the reason that he would not explain positively, but Xiao Yong (singing) refers to the bamboo saying: “Why not have this monarch a day!”
The simple and straightforward language shows that the long cultural spirit has penetrated into the bone marrow of the literati.
Chinese people love bamboo, not only love the elegance of bamboo, but also encourage themselves to be proud of their bones like bamboo. The aesthetic image left by bamboo in Chinese culture affects generations of Chinese people. The profound and far -reaching Chinese bamboo culture has also bred many masterpieces of bamboo painting.
Ren Bonian “Bamboo Forest Seven Sages”
【Bamboo Painting Classification and Origin】
Bamboo painting is a unique specialty of Chinese painting, with a long history. In Chinese paintings, there are two ways to paint bamboo paintings: one is coloring bamboo, which belongs to flowers and birds;
There has been no conclusion on the origin of Chinese ink bamboo painting. In the Tang Dynasty, Bai Juyi said in “Painting Bamboo Songs”: “Bamboo is difficult to write in the plants, although the ancient and modern paintings are not similar.” It can be seen that before Bai Juyi, there was a bamboo painting. Since the bamboo paintings were not circulated at that time, I don’t know if it was color or ink bamboo.
【Drawing bamboo in the past】
Five Dynasties Xu Xi “Snow Bamboo Map” Shanghai Museum Collection
Southern Tang Li Po “Wind Bamboo Picture” Taipei Palace Museum Collection
Lipo Five Dynasties South Tang painter. Poor, a stool, or wave, Nanchang (now Jiangxi). Good painting bamboo, not to see and long, and more waywardly, and will have business at will. With Liu Yanji, Shi Yan, and Ding Qian, they played in the five generations with ink bamboo. There are only “Wind Bamboo Map” for handed down works.
Wen Tong -Bamboo Painting Generation Master
Northern Song · Wen Tong “Mozhu Map” Taipei Palace Museum Tibetan
Wen Tong, the word and Ke, Xiao Xiaoxiao. I have no intention of meritoriousness, I just like reading and painting, especially for painting ink. At the beginning of Yuanfeng, Wen Tong, 61, was appointed as Huzhou Zhifu. He died in Chenzhou before he arrived.
Wen Tong and Su Shi are cousins, and they are the best friends in poetry, calligraphy and painting. Once, they were painted with bamboo to Su Shi on a long silk silk. Su Shi wrote the article “Text and Painting 筼筜 Valley Bamboo”, explaining the theory of ink painting the same in text, and proposing the famous assertion of “adult bamboo to the chest”.
Wen Tong “Mozhu”
Wen Tong Mozhu painting greatly exceeds the predecessors. The poles, branches, leaves, and festivals drawn like real bamboo. Especially good at painting bamboo leaves, “with deep ink as the noodles, light ink as the back”, the front and back are decent. Not only that, Wen Tong also drew the leaves of the leaf tip turns, and the bamboo festival was reached by the painting.
Wen Tong “Bamboo and Stone Map”
Due to the painting bamboo, the abstract beauty and layout of Chinese calligraphy are introduced into the ink bamboo painting, and the ink bamboo paintings are separated from the gongbi painting, flower and bird paintings, so their ink bamboo paintings are realistic and not cumbersome. Popular. The contemporary Su Shi and others have learned his painting methods, and there are more followers later. As a result, the Chinese painting world has formed the “Huzhou Bamboo School”, and Wen Tong has become a generation of masters.
The main representatives of “Huzhou Bamboo School” include Wen Tong, Su Shi, Zhao Mengfu, Wu Changshuo, etc. Among them, Zhao Mengfu and Wu Changshuo are natives of Huzhou. Wentong and Su Shi have been in Huzhou. To this end, the paintings of the art world called the place name are “Huzhou Bamboo School”.
Su Shi “Bamboo and Bamboo and Stone Pictures”
Su Shi also worked as a prefecture in Huzhou. He loves bamboo in his life. Important figures of “Huzhou Bamboo School”.
Su Shi “Xiaoxiang Bamboo Stone Map”
Sitting in the public hall at a time, rising for a while, picked up his brush and dipped in Zhu Mo, and drew a Zhu Zhu. Some people say: There are only green bamboo in the world. Where does Zhu Zhu come from? He asked: People use black ink to draw bamboo. How can there be ink bamboo in the world? It is said that due to his first creation, Zhu Zhu was popular in literati painting.
Su Shi “Mozhu”
Su Shi painted bamboo, “always up to the top from the ground”, unlike ordinary people drawing bamboo poles all the time. Mi Yan asked him what was going on, and he replied: “Why did you try to give birth to the time when the bamboo was born?” opinion.
Northern Song Dynasty Zhaochang “Bamboo Worm Picture”
Zhao Chang, the Northern Song Dynasty painter. Working calligraphy, painting, good at painting flowers and fruits, and wormworms. The “Bamboo Period” uses delicate brushwork and beautiful colorful color, and realizes the bamboo and the surrounding sweet potatoes, chicken crowns, butterflies, dragonflies, Jin Zhonger, textile mother and other grass bugs.
Southern Song · Liang Kai “Six Ancestors and Bamboo Map”
Liang Kai, Southern Song painter. “Six ancestors cut the bamboo picture” depicts the story of Liu Zuhui’s canona. Hui Neng, the common surname of Lu, lives in Fanyang, was a coward, and was the pioneer of Zen Nanzong. The six ancestors in the picture were set against the ancient trees, holding a knife in one hand, holding a bamboo pole, and being cut off. With a few strokes, the vivid expression of the six ancestors fully shows the characteristics of Hui Neng’s rich life experience. The pen is strong and simple, and the momentum is extraordinary. It is the “stick” masterpiece of the author.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the literati play in the painting world became the wind, and everyone in Mozhu came out, forming the top period of Chinese Mozhu painting. Zhao Mengfu, Pipeline Sheng, Ke Jiusi, Wu Zhen, Gu An, Li Xi Zhai’s father and son are all masters of painting ink.
Yuan Zhao Mengfu’s “Xiushi Shulin Tu” Beijing Palace Museum Collection
Zhao Mengfu, as an all -round painter, characters, landscapes, flowers, bamboo stones, everything is omnipotent. Painting horses is particularly famous. Zhao Mengfu draws ink bamboo, can be used as a stone, and the golden sword is used as ink. The bamboo stones painted are combined with reality and reality.
Yuan Zhao Mengfu “Bamboo and Bamboo Map”
Zhao Mengfu proposed the tradition of “painting and calligraphy”, which took over the “painting and painting of calligraphy and painting”, and advocated “into painting with books”, which is to express his personal temperament with the pen of calligraphy. In essence, it is the “borrowing ancient and modern” of the Jin and Tang dynasties and creating a new style of the times.
Yuan Wang Meng “Bamboo and Stone Map”
Wang Meng, unknown years, the word Shu Ming, Wu Xing (now Zhejiang Huzhou), Zhao Mengfu’s grandson.
The above picture draws cluster bamboo and slopes, the bamboo branches and leaves are sparse, and the slopes are short and vigorous. Shuzhu cloth is on the top left, and the slope is below the stone. The blank in the middle is connected by regular script poems, which plays a role in running through the breath and participating in the composition. At the beginning of the name, the character Taiyu, the post -character Yuan Town, the name Yunlinzi, Jing Banmin, and Xixiazi. Ni Yan is good at painting landscapes and ink bamboo, and is known as “Yuan Sijia” with Huang Gongwang, Wang Meng, and Wu Zhen. The picture above draws a branches of Hsinchu, sparsely extended through the entire picture, vivid and cute. The bamboo leaves are painted with bald pen, and the pen ink is thin and healthy. The light ink writes branches, and the pen is hot, and it is leaning. This painting changes the sparse, scattered, and silent style of Ni Yan’s paintings, and has the feeling of being prosperous and clear. The combination of poetry, calligraphy and painting emphasized by literati painting. This picture shows the earliest one in Wang Meng’s handwritten works.
Yuan Wuzhen “Mozhupan”
Wu Zhen, a painter in the Yuan Dynasty, the word Zhonggui, a plum blossom Taoist, and a person who tasted the plum Taoist. Good at painting landscape and ink bamboo.
Twenty -four opened “Mozhupan”, which is the masterpiece of Wuzhen painting bamboo. In each of the bamboo posture, the piercing, the yin and yang back of the yin and yang are different, the brushwork is simple and energetic. Two of them are selected here, one of which starts with the new puppet, lined with thick bamboo and dry bamboo shoots, and the pen and ink are strong and affectionate; Ink grass is written in snow, and the shape of the branches and leaves in the snow, the shape of the bending, and implied tension is vividly expressed.
Yuan Ni Yan “Bamboo Branch Picture”
Ni Yan, a painter in the late Yuan Dynasty, is good at painting landscape and ink bamboo.
The picture above draws a branches of Hsinchu, sparsely extended through the entire picture, vivid and cute. The bamboo leaves are painted with bald pen, and the pen ink is thin and healthy. The light ink writes branches, and the pen is hot, and it is leaning. This painting changes the sparse, scattered, and silent style of Ni Yan’s paintings, and has the feeling of being prosperous and clear.
Yuan Zhao Yong “Qingying Red Heart Map”
Zhao Yong, the word Zhong Mu, the second son of Zhao Mengfu, inherited the family studies of paintings and calligraphy, landscape, flowers, birds, saddling horses, characters, and boundary paintings, especially landscapes and saddle and horse painting.
This painting is rare in the paintings of the Yuanren Lanzhu in light colored juice green. In the picture, the dangerous stone stands, drawing the outline with light ink in the center, and rubbing slightly. A bamboo repair of bamboo is born in the stone. The slopes are clustered with orchids, and the stems and leaves are interspersed and crossed. They bloom five or six white flowers in full bloom. The painter integrates the meaning of the calligraphy into the painting, reflecting the artistic taste of literati painting. Bamboo handwriting is like writing a script, and the bamboo leaves are like eight characters, while the orchid stems contain grassy strokes.
Yuan Gu An’s “Bamboo Map”
Gu An, Yuan painter, the word is determined, the name is Naruto. Gu An is good at drawing ink bamboo, inherited the tradition of the same text, stricter, stiff, and shouted. He uses ink Runze and rotten, painted lake stones and stains. One grid.
“Wind and Rain Bamboo Map” is a masterpiece of the painter’s twilight years. He draws two poles of large leaves with thick and light ink strokes. The branches are obliquely covered and the bamboo leaves are drooping. Natural form. The pen is chic, the ink is strong, rigorous and natural, strong and bone.
Yuan Gu An’s “Boxing Stone New Map”
This picture writes a few clusters of Hsinchu and thorns. The bamboo is thin and straight, standing next to the stone, and the bamboo leaves are scattered, showing different levels with thickness.
Yuan Gu An’s “Youbao Show Stone Map”
In this picture, the lake and stone are dangerous, exquisitely clear, the bamboo forests behind the stone, the bamboo poles are thin, the bamboo leaves are leaning, and they are more than enough. The lake and stones are dyed, beautiful in shape, full of three -dimensional and decorative flavor. The brushwork is strong, and the light is suitable, and it is the masterpiece of Gu Anmo bamboo painting.
Yuan Gu An’s “Bamboo and Stone Map”
In this picture, a few poles of bamboo repair of bamboo are standing, and the rock is lush. Write a bamboo pole with light ink and write bamboo leaves with thick ink. The layout is dense and disordered, and the structure is tight and rigorous. Several bamboo shoots were twisted and vibrant. This picture is suitable for each other, the layers are well, the brushwork is delicate, and the elegant and fun.
Yuan Ke Jiusi “Hengsu Qingcui Map”
Ke Jiusi, the word Jingzhong, No. Danqiu, Danqiu Sheng, Wuyun Pavilion official, and a from Xianju in Taizhou (now Xianju County, Zhejiang). Ke Jiusi’s paintings are known as God, who is good at painting bamboo, and influenced by Zhao Mengfu.
In the “Horizontal Pats and Cui Tu”, the bamboo branches have a pole, and the potential is leaning from the top, and then rolled up. In addition to the slightly ink, the branches and leaves are based on the ink. The spiritual power is actually the author’s intention to send love. Its artistic expression is the same as that of the Song Dynasty, while it is older and more spicy and full of calligraphy.
Yuan Ke Jiusi “Qingye Pavilion Moz Bamboo Picture”
This picture is two poles of bamboo, standing upright according to the rocks, and the stone is embellished with immature bamboo grass. Bamboo leaves are written in the pen of calligraphy. The ink color is strong, strong, and calm. The style of the painting changes from the text, the stone is hemp long, the round is strong, and it has a sense of space and volume. The picture is elegant and beautiful, with a high charm, and has a tall and ease of Qing Gang.
Ming Chen Hongzhang’s “Bamboo Stone Restaurant”
Chen Hongzhang, the word Zhang Hou, is Lao Lian, and later claimed to be Lao Chi, also known as the regret, Fu Chi, Yunmen monk, and Jiu Pin Liantai.
The picture above uses different painting methods to draw lakes, hemerocallis and show bamboo. The artist uses a dead pen to hook stones, add horizontal moss, and the brushwork is dignified. Hemerocallis is painted with double -hook coloring method. Xiuzhu is written purely with a white drawing method. The lines are smooth, round and full, and the portraits are depicting. The three ways of painting complement each other, seamlessly, show the deep skills of the artist.
Ming Chen Yan “Snow Bamboo Map”
Chen Yan, a painter in the Ming Dynasty, painted with flowers.
The picture above is written with snow bamboo, and the brushwork is different. The bamboo is written with a double -hook pens. The shrub is written by a pen. In the works of snow bamboo in all ages, it is unique.
Ming Jinya “Double Hook Bamboo Picture”
Jin Yan, the birth and death is unknown, Mingzheng is unified, the word is clear, the name is the nickname, and the name is too thin. Good at printing seal, writing bamboo stones is very good.
This picture draws two stones on the slope of the stone two poles to repair bamboo, the branches are strong, the bamboo leaves are lush, and the back is staggered to the back. Stone gaps, grass slopes, and clusters of new crickets, there is a trend of erection after the rain. The double -hook lines are fine, the color is clear and elegant, and it is quite beautiful to repair the new and new charm.
Ming Lu Ruijun “Bamboo Skire Map”
Lu Duanjun, a painter in the Ming Dynasty, painted bamboo, and handed down works.
In the picture, draw lakes and rusts. The bamboo poles are stout and upright, and the bamboo leaves are densely shaded. A group of sparrows, or flying, or habitat, or eating, or eat, move in the cluster bamboo, and make noise in the quietness of the bamboo forest. The painting method is rigorous and vivid. With the thickness of the ink color, highlight the deep sense of space, and the charm is empty.
Ming Sun Kehong’s “Suwa Tu Treasure”
Sun Kehong, Ming calligraphy and painter, collector. One works Kehong, the word Yun Zhi, No. Xueju, Songjiang (now Shanghai).
It is not rare to write bamboo in cinnabar. Sun Kehong’s bamboo paintings can be said to be ingenious in color contrast and composition. Zhu Zhiyan compared with the cold depression of Xiushi. The color of the bamboo color and shades of the bamboo produces a deep mood in the space, making the picture tend to be quiet and stable in the gorgeous.
Ming Xiang Yuanzhang “Imitation of Su Shi Shouxing Bamboo Picture”
Xiang Yuanzhang, Zi Zijing, named Mo Lin, nicknamed Mo Lin Mountain, Mo Lin Jushi, Xiangyan Jushi, etc., well -known collectors and connoissers in the Ming Dynasty.
Above the slope in the figure above, the two poles of Zhu Xiuzhu stood behind the stone. Wen Shi is round and trivial with pen, style, thick ink embellishment, and vigorous. Xiuzhu is carrying each other, and the artistic conception is ancient and innocent.
Ming Xu Wei “Chrysanthemum Bamboo Map”
Xu Wei, a famous writer, painter, operaist in the Ming Dynasty. The founder of China’s “Splashing Gas Colossers” and the originator of the “Green Tengto School”.
“Chrysanthemum Bamboo Pictures” wrote chrysanthemums, chrysanthemums gathered, flowers were surrounded by flowers, and they were vibrant. The chrysanthemum leaves are written in a large pen, and they are freely. Bypassing bamboo, bamboo shoots are low, echoing with chrysanthemums, and interesting. Bamboo leaves are chic. The chrysanthemum and bamboo end are lined with leaf grass, with a clear posture and vividness. The dry and wetness of the pen and ink should complement each other.
Ming Xuanzong Zhu Zhanji
Ming · Zhu Zhanji “Wuhou Gao Mai Map”
Ming Xuanzong Zhu Zhanji, the fifth emperor of the Ming Dynasty, worked paintings, landscapes, figures, beasts, flowers, birds, grass bugs. Taste as a painting. The works of the handed down are “Wuhou Gao Mai Map”.
This picture painted Zhuge Liang’s chest and exposed, his head pillow box, lying on the bamboo bush on his back, and his behavior was sparse. Before Zhuge Liang appeared to help Liu Bei, he lived in the image of Nanyang to plow. The character’s high -lying manifestation is vividly portrayed, and lines are refined. Mozhu is chic with a pen, and the charm is charm. Zhu Zhanji was given this painting at the age of 30 to the old minister Chen Yan, which reflected the mood of the royal family in the early Ming Dynasty.
Qing Shi Tao “Bamboo and Shiji Map”
Shi Tao in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, formerly known as Zhu Ruoji, was born in troubled times. He was originally the descendants of King Qingjing, Guilin, and became a monk.
Shi Tao painted bamboo, the intention of the pen is indulgent, and the gangsters were removed. Painting bamboo is mostly raw rice paper, unrestrained with a pen, ink and ink, thick and dry, thousands of leaves, one in one go, writing straight, slightly stagnant people call “field”. Shi Tao’s talent is extremely high, and the ink bamboo is not restricted to the appearance, and the victory with the momentum gives people a sense of refreshment.
Qing Shi Tao “Bamboo Map”
This painting writes two branches of bamboo shoots out of the soil, and the new puppets on the side have begun to be clustered. Yuan Ji painting is good at using ink. In this painting, the dampness and thickness of the paintings are used together.
Zheng Banqiao’s “Ten Mao Maozhai Bamboo Stone Map”
The eight monsters in Yangzhou are also the experts of Mozhu painting. Especially Zheng Banqiao, who has been able to attack Lanzhu for a lifetime, has a deep skill, and it is not comparable to others. Because he can return to life from time to time and has an artistic insight, he can have a strong creative vitality in Mozhu painting.
“Qingfeng Shuzhu Picture”
Since Shi Tao created the freehand style of ink bamboo paintings, Zheng Zheng created a free freehand style. His ink bamboo painting showed a simple and far -reaching spirit.
Qing Li Fangyi “Xiaoxiang Wind Bamboo Picture”
Li Fangyi, one of the “Eight Monsters in Yangzhou”. Li Fangyi often likes to depict bamboo stones with wind and rain as the background. Wind is an abstract thing, and there is no specific image, which is difficult to show.
In this painting, the painter boldly created, writing a few bamboo roots, depending on the stone, straight and straight. The bald pen was swept straight up, and the flat -leaf square -shaped square was tilted in the direction, which strongly showed the crazyness of the wind. The author not only appeared “because of difficulty seeing” in depicting techniques, but also showed the spirit of bamboo not afraid of strong wind. Show the power of perseverance. The writing is like the wind and rain, just like expressing the anger in the painter’s chest. Li Fangyi was offensive due to the offense in his career, but he never succeeded in prison, but never succumbed. This painting can be said to be a refraction of his mood.
Qing Luo hired “Bamboo and Stone Map”
Luo, a painter of the Qing Dynasty, is good at painting characters, Buddha statues, flowers, fruits, plums, landscapes, ancient and eloquent, thoughtful and elegant, and self -made style.
In this painting, write bamboo rod branches and leaves with a thick and light ink. The ink and ink are taken away. The painting is empty and humid. On the banks of the stream, the strange stone is stained with a dry pen and wet ink. This painting reflects the author’s superb level of driving ink and ink. It is a rare masterpiece of bamboo writing.
Qing Zhao Zhichen “Double Hook Bamboo Stone Map”
Zhao Zhichen, the word is idle, the father is the father, the famous seal carving and painter in the Qing Dynasty.
“Double Hook Bamboo and Stone Pictures” wrote the three poles of Hsinchu on the slope, all drawn with double hooks. The bamboo leaves are dyed and green, the lake stone is exquisite and thin, the brushwork is steep, the color is elegant, and the arrangement of strange danger is the intention of Zhao Zhichen.
Pu Hua, the word is heroic, is also a bamboo, bamboo cloud, and Jiaxing, Zhejiang. From the “breeding bamboo man”, painting bamboo is the most famous. He is good at using water, his intentions are proud, and he is essays. His ink bamboo, with a pole of the sky, the leaves of the leaves, the bamboo poles are rigid, the bamboo leaves are soft and soft, the rigidity is soft, the vitality is full, and there is no comparable in the century.
“Wind Bamboo Map”
Bamboo is one of the objects that Wu Changshuo likes to depict. He painted bamboo mainly with the “golden sword method”, straight into the center, and he was as engraved, and the combination of his bamboo leaves did not seek “individual” and “media”, but instead waved. From the painting of Wu Changshuo, it is not difficult to feel that his work is muddy, the style is clumsy, the soul is in the male, and the strokes are ups and downs.
“Bamboo and Stone Map”
Wu Changshuo also emphasized that the gold and stones were painted into painting, writing bamboo with the writing method, and the skill was extremely deep.
“Bamboo Time Picture”
“Painting bamboo must not be three furnace incense and drums (that is, the three strokes or three crosses) paintings are calligraphy, bamboo dried is Lishu, bamboo branches are cursive script, bamboo leaves are regular script …”
Zhang Daqian “Bamboo Beauty”
“There are two types of freehand posture of bamboo method. The double hooks are hooking into the outline with lines, and then filling in color. This is the gongbi painting bamboo. It is necessary to fully understand the growth status and structure of the bamboo. Painting bamboo. Freehand bamboo should also be divided into levels. In front of the bamboo, ink should be used in the ink, and the ink should be used in the back. One thing to remember is that each bamboo uses a thick ink, and all of them are used in ink. Use light ink to use light ink. Never make it in the stroke. “
Liu Zigu “Bamboo”
Liu Zigu, a famous Chinese painter, and Xu Beihong and Zhang Shuqi, are known as the “Jinling Sanjie” in the painting world. He is also good at landscapes, figures, flowers, You Jing Orchid Bamboo.
Liu Zigu painted bamboo, dazzling, Xiao Xiao sounded. Known as “Bamboo Saint” and “Banqiao Second”; from the 1920s to draw bamboo, it has been painted in the 1980s. For sixty years of creation, Liu Zigu looked at the symbol of character, and pursued painting bamboo as a state of life.
Fu Baoshi “Bamboo Forest Seven Sages”
Tang Bai Juyi
What is the bamboo?
Bamboo is solid, solids with tree virtue, and gentlemen who see their own origin will think good and healthy;
Bamboo sex is straight, straight to stand, and gentleman sees his nature and is neutral;
Bamboo heart is empty, empty to the body, the gentleman sees his heart and thinks about the recipient;
Bamboo Jiezhen, Zhen’s ambition, gentleman who sees his festival, thinks about the same name as the same.
If the husband is, the gentleman’s tree is the real thing.
Editor in charge: Zi Yue
Part of the source: call entry