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The weather is gradually getting hot, and doing a good job of sun protection for the baby has become a big thing for mothers.

When it comes to sun protection, the first thing that comes to mind for many mothers is to put an artifact in the shopping cart – “sunscreen”! But don’t worry, is your baby really suitable for sunscreen? The experience of a foreign mother applying sunscreen to her 1-year-old baby may be worth every mother’s warning.

This is a Canadian mom Rebecca who has a 1-year-old baby girl. Like all moms under the sun, Rebecca loves her son, and when summer is still coming, she carefully selected a baby-specific sunscreen for her child online. But this use almost made her intestines regret.

Before going out that day, the mother very thoughtfully applied sunscreen to the child, but within an hour, she was surprised to find that the baby’s face was red and swollen, followed by large blisters one after another. The mother was shocked and immediately took the child to the hospital for treatment.

The doctor said: This is an allergic reaction caused by sunscreen, and the baby has a second degree burn. Fortunately, the child’s condition was effectively controlled under the doctor’s treatment, otherwise the baby’s face would have scars.

It was obviously for the good of the child, but he almost ruined the child with his own hands. This mother is ashamed and distressed.

However, the experience of Canadian mothers also tells us every mother: children’s sun protection work is very important, but how to protect the sun is particular, both to take care of it, but not to overprotect it.

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How to do a good job in the baby’s sun protection, the mother must first be clear: what is the sun protection against?

In many people’s understanding: sun protection is to prevent black; In fact, the real purpose of sun protection is to isolate ultraviolet rays from the sun.

Among them, UVA (long-wave ultraviolet), its wavelength is between 320~400nm, the penetration is very strong, can penetrate the epidermis to the shallow layer of the dermis. UVB (short-wave ultraviolet), its wavelength is between 290~320nm, although the penetration is slightly weaker, but will lead to sun redness, swelling, severe cases will appear blisters.

Although ultraviolet rays can promote the body’s synthesis of vitamin D, help calcium absorption, and help babies grow taller. However, the baby’s skin is delicate, and excessive ultraviolet rays in summer will cause damage to the baby’s skin.

Then the problem is again: the baby does not wear sunscreen and is prone to sunburn; Wearing sunscreen, one accidentally will cause allergies and burning, and it is not conducive to promoting vitamin D synthesis. Baby sun protection, what should I do?

In fact, for babies, the best way to protect themselves from the sun is – physical sun protection.

1. Choose a good time to go out

Baby’s skin is delicate and thin, only 1/3 of adult skin, so its bearing capacity is relatively weak. When taking the baby out, parents should avoid the sun. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. is the hottest time of the day, ultraviolet rays are also the strongest, parents avoid this time period, choose morning and evening time, you can rest assured that your baby can play easily outdoors.

2. Dress well

In order to avoid direct sunlight on the baby’s skin, parents should cover the baby’s skin as much as possible, wear a large-brimmed hat, and wear loose and breathable long cotton clothes, which can effectively avoid direct sunlight on the baby’s skin.

3. The place to go out should be appropriate

After making the above two sun protection preparations, the next thing to pay attention to is the choice of baby activity venue. Try to choose a place with large trees for shade, or a large parasol to block the light. The shade is relatively cool and suitable for babies to play.

While choosing physical sun protection, parents should also pay attention to several precautions.

‘Be careful when choosing sunscreen clothing.

There are many styles of novel and beautiful sunscreen clothing on the Internet, and parents should pay attention to quality in the process of selection, rather than just looking at the style.

There was a 5-year-old boy in Fuzhou who was going on a kindergarten outing, and the careful mother checked the weather forecast and found that the temperature would be as high as 29 degrees that day, and there was a possibility of light rain, so she bought a light green sunscreen suit online. Who expected that the child went home sweating for a day, not only his arms and neck were red, but also a lot of red rashes appeared on his body, and the itching was unbearable.

Sunscreen clothing is good to look but not useful, although gently thin to the touch is also smooth, but many are made of polyester, tinting cloth, polyester, artificial fiber and other materials, not breathable and sweat-absorbing, not only can not play a role in sun protection, some even apply some unsafe chemicals, wearing is more likely to induce purulence, eczema, impetigo and other skin diseases, and even cause heat stroke.

According to the national standard “Evaluation of Textile UV Protection Performance”, only when the UPF (ultraviolet protection coefficient) value of the clothes is greater than 40, and the transmittance of UVA (long-wave ultraviolet rays with strong penetrating power) is less than 5%, it can be called “anti-ultraviolet products”.

In fact, many of the sunscreen clothing on the Internet that is “both ultraviolet and rainproof”, but its trademark is not marked with UPF value, parents must pay more attention when purchasing, from the baby’s skin, cotton, breathable fabric is the first choice.

‘Remember to protect yourself from the sun on cloudy days

Many parents will take it for granted that ultraviolet rays are brought by the sun, so they can safely take their children out on cloudy days.

Not really. UV-A in ultraviolet rays does not weaken on cloudy days, it can easily penetrate clouds and pass through glass windows 5 cm thick, and there is also a hidden danger of sunburn.

‘Your baby’s eyes should also be protected from light

Some mothers are very attentive, feel that the sun is too dazzling, and will intimately bring a pair of sunglasses to their children. But this kind of care, mothers should be cautious, because the baby’s eyes are in the process of development, and the refractive state will change as the baby grows. Therefore, whether this pair of sunglasses is suitable for babies at this stage, parents should consult a professional ophthalmologist before purchasing. For safety, large brimmed hats and umbrellas are safer.

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Some mothers still have questions in their minds: since there is a sunscreen for babies, can the child use it?

To be precise, physical sunscreen is the baby’s first choice, baby sunscreen can be used, but there are several taboos, mothers must know.

How to choose sunscreen?

Sunscreen is divided into chemical and physical. Simply put, physical sunscreen uses sunscreen particles to form a protective layer on the surface of the skin, reflecting the light waves in ultraviolet rays that may cause harm to the skin, so as to achieve a protective effect.

Chemical sunscreen is just the opposite, it uses the principle of absorption to protect the sun, some of the chemicals in its composition combine with the cells, before the cells are damaged, the ultraviolet rays that may cause damage to the skin are absorbed, so as to achieve the effect of sun protection.

Undoubtedly, for babies, physical sunscreen is more suitable. When choosing sunscreen, mothers can look at the ingredients, among which: sunscreens composed of titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are mostly physical.

Physical sunscreen will appear a little white when first applied, you need to wait for a while, to get close to the skin tone, its texture is a little greasy, as long as it is not wiped, it can reflect ultraviolet rays for a long time.

How do babies apply sunscreen?

In general, physical sunscreen is recommended for babies under 6 months of age, and physical sunscreen is recommended for babies over 6 months old. Its SPF value is at least 15.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that if your baby does not have enough clothing to cover it, a sunscreen with a sun protection index (SPF) of at least 15 can be applied in small areas and small doses.

To say a little more, we know that the SPF value represents the sun protection index, and the higher the index, the better the sun protection effect.

In fact, this is not a complete understanding. SPF represents a multiple of sunscreen, SPF15 represents that compared to not wearing sunscreen, it can extend the sunburn time by 15, and so on, the higher the index, the longer the sunburn time.

However, it is worth noting that the higher the index, the better. The higher the SPF value, the more sunscreen is added, which will put a heavier burden on the skin, resulting in problems such as impermeable pores, clogging, and even skin allergies.

Therefore, when going out with a baby, mothers can estimate the time of going out and choose the appropriate index sunscreen reasonably.

In addition to the SPF value, sunscreen has a main reference value called PA, and the more suffixes + signs, the longer the tanning is delayed.

Generally speaking, the baby’s daily sun protection, mothers choose SPF15, PA++ is enough, if it is to carry out outdoor activities, then you can choose a sunscreen with a larger coefficient according to the time and the climate of the day.

Apply sunscreen to the baby, the first time the baby uses, it is best to squeeze a little, test it on the baby’s skin, if there is no response, then rest assured to use the baby.

Half an hour before the baby goes out, the mother should apply sunscreen to the baby in advance, so that it can play an effective role in preventing sun. If your baby sweats a lot during play, or has played with water, mom should remember to reapply it in time.

What kind of sunscreen can’t be used by babies? The following paragraphs should be paid attention to by parents.

1) Adult sunscreen, baby should not use.

Sometimes, parents may directly bring their sunscreen to their children for convenience. However, adult sunscreen and baby sunscreen have different ingredients, and children’s skin is delicate or may cause damage.

2) Spray-type sunscreen, baby should not use.

When spray-type sunscreen is used, it is easy to be inhaled by the baby, and may accidentally enter the baby’s ears, nose and eyes. Secondly, spray-type sunscreen has a poor sun protection effect, needs to be constantly replenished, and is not suitable for babies.

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Summer is hot, the heat is unstoppable, what if the baby is accidentally sunburned? Parents can take the following steps:

1) Drinking plenty of water is a priority

After the baby’s outdoor activities, the face looks red, parents should replenish the baby’s water in time to avoid the baby’s lack of water due to sunburn.

2) The skin is red and hot, you can apply a cold compress

If your baby’s sunburn shows red, hot and painful skin, parents can treat it themselves by applying a cool towel to the burned area, or they can also take a bath with cool sleeping water to help the baby’s skin temperature drop to normal values.

3) If there are blisters, fever, and cold war, seek medical attention in time

If your baby has severe sunburn, causing blisters, fever, chills, pain and general malaise, parents should seek medical attention immediately. Severe sun burns, like other types of severe burns, require treatment, especially blisters that can cause infection and are not suitable for self-management.

The baby’s sun protection work should be done well, and other heat protection work should also be done.

1) Plain water, drink more

The baby is small, the thermoregulatory center is still well developed, and as soon as the temperature is high, it will sweat a lot. Let the baby drink more boiled water, not only can prevent the baby’s heat stroke, but also improve the body’s metabolic function.

2) Blow the air conditioner and avoid the wind vents

The baby stays in the air-conditioned room for a long time, and the room temperature should be controlled between 26 degrees ~ 28 degrees, in case the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is too large, the baby is not adaptable, but causes cold and fever. When Bao is blowing the air conditioner, parents must not point the air outlet directly at the baby’s body, it is best to wear an air conditioning suit.

3) Bathing, warm water is most suitable

Bathing can help the baby cool down and relieve the heat, but parents should pay attention to control the water temperature, too high or too low water temperature may cause damage to the baby’s delicate skin, so the baby’s warm water bath is the most suitable.

The hot summer is coming, parents do a good job of sun protection for their babies, so that their babies can spend a refreshing summer.

(Noma / Aries Mommy one.)

。 The world is big, the ideal is small, reading, writing, walking the baby, laughing and looking out the window, quietly writing about the Chinese.

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